The Whys and Hows of Addiction
Who is at risk for addiction?
Anyone can become addicted. Nonetheless, some risk factors significantly increase the odds of addiction.
Genetics account for 50 – 75% of the risk of addiction, the main reason why addiction tends to run in families. Children of addicts are twice as likely to become addicts.
Environmental factors play a huge role in addiction. Victims of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse and people with family or friends who suffer from addiction are likelier to struggle with addiction.
Other risk factors include personality traits, brain characteristics, and psychological issues, such as anxiety and depression.
Keep in mind that just because you have one or more of these risk factors doesn't mean you will become addicted. It means you need to be cautious about using addictive substances even if prescribed by a health professional.
Environmental factors play a huge role in addiction. Victims of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse and people with family or friends who suffer from addiction are likelier to struggle with addiction.by Ellen
What does addiction look like?
The three main signs of addiction are cravings, loss of control over the use of the substance, and continued use of the substance despite knowing better. However, you can find the specific signs and symptoms of the nine types of addictions in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
How is addiction a disease?
- When addiction research first began, scientists believed that people who suffer from addiction were morally flawed and lacked willpower.
- Addiction can take over and modify brain structure and function. The brain registers pleasure by releasing dopamine.
- However, dopamine release from the use of addictive substances is faster, more intense, and more reliable.